It’s not uncommon for homeowners to be a little nervous about their well pumps. After all, when you’re not sure what’s wrong with it, it can feel like your entire home depends on one small piece of machinery.

But don’t worry—diagnosing your well pump isn’t as scary as it sounds. Well pump installations, repairs, and replacements specialist in Winchester, VA, is here to tell you everything you need to know about diagnosing your well pump.

Let’s find out.

How Does a Typical Well Pump Works?

When you turn on a faucet, the water that comes out is clean, fresh, and pure. However, it did not get that way on its own.

The process of getting water from underground sources to your kitchen sink involves many different steps that involve complicated machinery and careful planning. A typical well pump is usually located at the bottom and can be used to pump up to 100 gallons per minute. 

If you’ve ever wondered how a typical well pump works, then here’s a general overview of how a typical well pump works:

Submersible Pump

The well pump is usually a submersible pump, meaning it is placed inside the well submerged underwater. It consists of a sealed motor and pump unit, both of which are designed to operate underwater.

Electrical Power

The pump is connected to an electrical power source using a power cable that runs down the well shaft. The power source could be the electrical grid or a generator, depending on the situation.

Water Intake

The submersible pump has an intake mechanism, usually in the form of impellers or centrifugal stages, that draws water from the well. These impellers are designed to create a pressure difference, causing water to flow toward the pump.

Motor and Impeller Action

The motor is responsible for driving the impellers. As the motor rotates, it spins the impellers rapidly, creating centrifugal force that propels the water toward the pump’s outlet.

Pumping and Discharge

The spinning impellers force the water out of the pump and up to the surface through a pipe called the discharge pipe. The discharge pipe is typically made of durable materials such as PVC or metal to withstand pressure and ensure efficient water delivery.

Pressure Regulation

A pressure switch or a pressure tank is often used to maintain consistent water pressure. The pressure switch monitors the water pressure and automatically turns the pump on or off as needed. The pressure tank stores water under pressure, reducing the frequency of pump cycles and providing a steady water flow.

Check Valve

A check valve is installed on the discharge pipe to prevent the backflow of water when the pump is not in operation. This valve ensures that water does not flow back down into the well, maintaining prime and preventing unnecessary wear on the pump.

Control Box

The well pump system may also include a control box located above ground. This box contains electrical components such as capacitors, relays, and voltage regulators that help regulate the pump’s operation, control motor speed, and provide overload protection.

8 Warning Signs Associated With Water Well Problems

We’ve all been there: you’re sitting on the toilet, minding your own business, when suddenly your water starts coming out of the faucet. You’re not sure what’s going on—is this normal? Should you call a plumber? Or maybe it’s just a phase, and everything will be fine again soon.

But maybe it won’t be fine. And if it isn’t, you might be in for some serious trouble.

Water well problems can cause a lot of issues for homeowners—and have even led to some pretty devastating emergencies. The good news is that there are warning signs that can help identify potential problems before they become serious. If you notice any of the following signs, it is advisable to have your well system inspected by a qualified well pump repair & replacement professional.

Changes in Water Quality

Does your water smell like rotten eggs? Does it look like milk? If so, you may have a problem with your well.

Decreased Water Pressure

If your well is older than 20 years, you may notice a drop in the amount of pressure you get from it over time. This can result from corrosion and rusting, which can occur when groundwater flows through metal pipes underground for long periods of time.

Air Bubbles or Spitting Faucets

If you see a lot of air bubbles coming up from your water faucet or a whole lot of saliva spouting out of it, that’s a warning sign that there’s some sort of problem with the integrity of the well. If this happens regularly, you should call an expert for well pump repair or well pump replacement.

Air Bubbles or Spitting Faucets (continued)

Another sign that there may be a problem with your well is if your water pressure drops dramatically overnight. This can be due to low water levels in the aquifer (the underground layer of rocks, sand, and soil that holds water). You might also notice that your toilet flushes more slowly than normal and requires more than one flush to get rid of all the waste. If this happens regularly, you should have your water tested and diagnose a well pump problem.

Continuous Running of Well Pump

If the pump is running continuously, it means that there is a severe blockage in the pipe. This can be due to sediment build-up or other obstructions. 

Sediment or Sand in Water

If you notice sediment or sand in your water, it can be due to a number of things. One cause could be that the well has been flooded and needs to be cleaned out. Another cause could be that the well is not properly installed, which can lead to issues like leaks and cracks that allow sediment into your water supply. 

Reduced Water Quantity

This is the most obvious warning sign. This could be caused by clogged screens, sediment build-up, or more serious issues such as casing collapse. If you are noticing a decrease in the amount of water you are getting from your well, it is time to search for a well pump replacement near me for an inspection. 

Prolonged Dry Periods

It’s easy for underground water sources to dry up in extreme weather conditions such as drought or unusually hot summers. That doesn’t mean something is wrong with your well; it just means that nature has shifted its course for a while. If you notice that your well has gone dry for more than two weeks without any rainfall nearby, however, this can be an indication of trouble with the piping connecting your well to your house.

Possible Well Pump Problems and Solutions

A well pump is an important part of your home’s plumbing system. It draws water from beneath the ground and pumps it into your home, bringing with it all the benefits of clean, drinkable water.

But what happens when something goes wrong with your well pump? Perhaps it stops working altogether, or maybe it makes strange noises or won’t turn on at all. Whatever the issue is, you need to be able to learn how to diagnose a well pump problem quickly so that you can get it fixed as soon as possible.

If you are not sure how to fix your well pump, then here will cover some common well pump problems and how to diagnose them so you can easily get back up and running in no time:

No power to the pump

First, let’s talk about the most common cause of a well pump problem: no power to the pump. This happens when there is an electrical outage in your area or when someone trips the breaker box in your house. If you have power to other items in your home but not to your well pump, then it’s possible that your circuit breaker has been tripped by accident or by someone else who was working on something else in your house (maybe they had some electrical work done). 

To fix this issue, turn off all appliances that are using electricity from this circuit (including any lights or appliances) and wait 15 minutes before turning them back on. This will give time for the electricity to reset and flow through properly again without tripping any breakers along the way.

Tripped circuit breaker

Make sure that you have power to the pump. If you have a manual switch to turn it on or off, check first. If not, check to see if there’s an outlet nearby with a lamp plugged into it—if so, that outlet should be hot when the pump is turned on but cold when it’s turned off. If not, you may have a problem with your wiring or breaker box that needs to be addressed by a professional who offers Well pump services in Winchester, VA.

Faulty pressure switch

If you have a faulty pressure switch, it can cause your well pump to run continuously. This is because the faulty pressure switch will not allow the pump to shut off when the water reaches the set point in your system. Typically, this problem manifests itself as a “short cycling” of your system. This means that when you turn on your faucet, it will come on and then immediately shut off again. If this happens, check for a faulty pressure switch before replacing other system parts.

Solution: You need to go for a well pump pressure switch replacement and buy a new one.

Waterlogged pressure tank

If water leaks into your pressure tank, it can shorten the electrical system. To fix this problem, remove excess water from the tank and replace damaged wires.

Clogged or blocked pipes

If your pump starts to run but does not pull water from the well’s bottom, it may be clogged. To fix this problem, you can use a wire cable to unblock the pipe. If that doesn’t work, try using a garden hose with a nozzle attached to clean out any debris in the pipe.

The low water level in the well

This can be caused by sediment or other debris collecting at the bottom of the well. To fix it, simply add some bleach (about 2 tablespoons) into your water bucket and stir until it dissolves completely. Pour about 1/4 cup into each side of your well (where there’s no power), then let it sit for approx an hour before turning on your pump again.

Air leaks in the system

Air leaks can be caused by cracks or openings in the casing, and they will cause a loss of pressure within the system, which can cause your well pump to run too often or not at all. If you suspect that you have air leaks in your system, check for cracks or other openings in your casing. You may also want to consider searching for well pump service and repair near me.

Damaged or worn-out impeller

Another most common cause of well pump problems is damage or wear on the impeller. The impeller moves water through your piping to send it into your home for use. If this part becomes damaged or worn out, it will not perform as expected, potentially leading to further complications. To avoid this issue, make sure that you regularly inspect your impeller for signs of damage, such as dents or cracks, and replace them as needed!

Faulty check valve

If you have a faulty check valve, it may be time to replace it. A faulty check valve can cause water to back up into your home’s plumbing system, causing damage to your home and property. If you suspect your check valve is faulty, contact a plumber immediately for well pump replacement Winchester.

Incorrect pressure settings

Your well pump should always be set at or below 50 psi. If your well pump is set higher than this, it can cause water pressure to rise in your pipes, which could lead to bursting pipes or other plumbing problems in your home. If you suspect your well pump is running at too high of pressure, contact a plumber for well water pump repair immediately, who can help adjust the settings on your well pump so that everything runs smoothly again!

Sediment or debris in the well

If your pump isn’t working, it might just be clogged. If you’ve had a few problems with sediment buildup after heavy rains, consider this as a possibility. To clean the pump, use an auger that’s designed to unclog wells.

Motor overload or overheating

Sometimes, if too much water is drawn from the well at one time, the motor can overload or overheat and break down completely! To avoid this problem, try installing a larger pump system so that it can handle more water at once without overloading. You can also add a valve halfway between your pump and faucet so that when there’s too much pressure coming through all at once (like during heavy rainstorms), you have somewhere else for all that excess water to go before it causes problems with your system.

Faulty control box or motor starter

If your well pump is noisy and vibrates excessively, it could be a problem with the control box or the motor starter. This is a common issue, especially when you install a new well pump. The best way to determine if this is the culprit is to check if replacing either of these parts solves the problem.

If you’re unsure how to replace these parts, contact a professional plumber for well water pump replacement.

Excessive vibration or noise

If your well pump is causing excessive vibration and noise, it needs to be replaced. Your local hardware store should have replacement parts – but if they don’t, call a Winchester plumber to reach your home and repair it for you!

Frozen or damaged well pipe

If the pipe connecting your water tank to the well has frozen, cracked, or been damaged in any way, it could be preventing water from flowing into the tank.

Solution: Look for a well pump repair near me! (Or a handyman.) If you’re unsure what to do or how to find one, go ahead and give us a call, and we’ll help you.

Contaminated well water

If there’s something wrong with the water coming out of your well—whether that’s bacteria, minerals, or other contaminants—that could be why it’s not pumping properly. Check with your local health department or municipality to see if they have any recommendations on how to handle this problem.

Improperly sized pump

A properly sized pump can help prevent corrosion and dry rot in the pipe leading from your water source to your home as well as improve water pressure throughout the house. When a pump is too large for a given pipe, it doesn’t just waste energy—it also puts unnecessary stress on your pipes, which can lead to cracks or leaks over time. If you think this might be an issue for you, talk with a professional plumber who can assess the situation and recommend solutions.

Corroded or deteriorated well casing 

If your pipes are corroded or deteriorated, this can cause water leaks and eventually lead to problems with your pump. It’s important that you have these pipes inspected at regular intervals so that any pipe problems can be addressed before they turn into more serious problems!

Well screen issues

If you’re experiencing an issue with the water pressure in your home, the first thing you should check is the well screen. Is it damaged? Has it been removed? If so, this can lead to a number of problems, including sand and sediment getting into your pipes and your faucet. If that’s happening, you should probably check out your well screen! This will cause clogging and can also decrease water pressure, which can make it hard to get enough water to do things like wash your hands or take a shower. If your pipes are clogged, there are a few ways to fix that problem. You can use a plunger (if there’s no debris in the pipe) or hire a plumber for water well pump repair or well pump replacement cost.

Old or worn out well pump

If you’ve been noticing issues with your well system for a while now and haven’t gotten around to fixing them yet (or if you’ve noticed some other problems that might indicate an aging pump), now might be the time for some preventative maintenance on your part!

Don’t Let Well Pump Problems Last! Call Casco Plumbing And Well Pump Service Today!

When you’re experiencing issues with your well pump, it can be devastating. If you’re unable to use water for drinking, cooking, bathing, or laundry—or if the water is contaminated with bacteria and other contaminants—you may be forced to leave your home until the problem is resolved.

Your safety and comfort are our top priorities. We know that when something goes wrong with your well pump, it’s not just inconvenient—it’s downright scary. That’s why we want to help you get back on track as quickly as possible by providing prompt service and quality workmanship at a fair price.

At Casco Plumbing & Well Pump Service, we’ve been providing quality in the Winchester, VA, area for many years with quality well pump services. We’re committed to giving you the best possible service at affordable prices so you don’t have to worry about your well pump problems anymore.

Our technicians are trained and certified in all aspects of well pumping and repair, including:

○ Well pump Installation (new or replacement)

○ Well pump Maintenance (regular check-ups)

○ Well pump Repairs (repairs and replacements)

○ Well pump Repair estimates (estimates for repairs before work begins)

Our team of licensed professionals is ready for any challenge and will work hard to solve the problem quickly and efficiently. We’ll always arrive on time, fully stocked with everything we need to get your well pumping again as quickly as possible.
Whether it’s an emergency or just a routine checkup, call Casco Plumbing And Well Pump Winchester Plumbers for Well Pump Diagnosis at (540) 773-8076!